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Why Modifying Your Lawn Care Practices Will Do More to Abate Climate Change than Changing Your Car for a Hybrid

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In the efforts to slow the ravages wrought by Climate Change, the hare may have beaten the hybrid car while munching on grass. The real winners are non-fertilized green lawns and permaculture. The hare was just stimulating the plants to action.

First, it is paramount that we reduce the burning of fossil fuels and reduce our carbon footprints. We should also increase the amount of carbon taken out of the atmosphere through photosynthesis. Reducing emissions and increasing carbon capture are two steps we need to take to achieve net zero carbon emissions. However, addressing carbon is only just the beginning to climate restoration.

The bad news is that carbon in the atmosphere has risen in hockey-stick fashion. At first it was gradual and then at a relatively recent inflection point climbed rapidly to 400 parts per million carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. The incontrovertible truth is that 400 parts per million is 0.04% of greenhouse gasses. Most of the greenhouse gas preventing heat energy from escaping the planet is water vapor (95%).

The reasons for all eyes on global carbon dioxide levels are that it is easily measured, makes a most compelling graph, clearly demonstrates a trend, and has a simple elegance that publishers of scientific journals approve of. It’s academic, neat and informative.

Much as I like to deploy a sling psychrometer, observing and recording water vapor is challenging. One must track air masses, the motion of fronts and jet streams, distinguish onshore breezes from offshore, and measure other nearly chaotic events. There are immense amounts of data to organize and make sense of. Besides, Charles David Keeling coming down from Mauna Loa (13,679 ft) with a hockey-stick scribed into the atmospheric CO2 graph is the stuff of legends.

Turns out, the green parts of your yard and the green places of your neighborhood can do a lot to reverse climate change, to restore the more favorable environmental conditions of yesteryear. Your yard may be small, as mine is in Somerville. Given the super-sized effects of water vapor in the climate change debacle, how you treat your bit of turf is not insignificant.

Let nature do the work. Just say no to technological fixes for your lawn. This will save you money. Therefore, you’ll get pushback, “your lawn is going to die,” because this approach is not as good for the economy as is buying bags of fertilizer five times a year.

Nitrogen, the nutrient of fertilizers, is recommended by the fertilizer industry because it will cause the grass to green up quickly. Like feeding children sugar for breakfast, the grass perks up and then needs more fertilizer. With food on the surface, grass roots need not push down through the ground. Plants spread thinly on the surface to expose bare ground. Soil compacts and dies leaving open real estate for weeds.

A fertilized lawn needs much water because the ground absorbs little and nearly all runs off to pollute waterways and wetlands. Grass blades are thin and make easy eating for pests. Lawn care companies offer “overseeding”, the spreading of more chemically treated seeds to “reinvigorate” your lawn. Never mind that the application of fertilizer, synthetic or organic, caused the lawn to need reinvigorating in the first place. Technology disrupts nature and we pay the consequences.

Blaming lawns for polluting and using lots of water is like blaming a car for hitting something. The fault lies not with the automobile or in the grass; the fault is in how people managed the driving or the lawn. By modifying our lawn care practices we can restore our lawns to do more for the environment and for us. Instead of the recommended multiple applications of fertilizer of one pound per thousand square feet of lawn (any more will burn the lawn), apply in the fall one application of 100% slow-release fertilizer, one-half pound per thousand square feet of lawn.

Slow-release fertilizer is composed of round pellets of nitrogen with a coating that feeds the grass over six months or more. Look got 100% (The mixtures recommend heavier applications before burning the grass resulting in more pollution, not less.) Most brands include nutrients for soil microbes. When the weather is cold or dry, the pellets stay intact. When the grass is growing and in need of nutrients, slow-release provides. With slow-release there is no polluting runoff because this fertilizer has settled into the ground.

A natural lawn sends down roots, opens the soil to fungi, bacteria, microbes, and very small animals. We misunderstand plants when we think, as taught in science class, of seeds sprouting, plants growing with photosynthesis, followed by death and only then returning nutrients to the soil. That oversimplification leaves us ignorant to what is actually going on. Beneath the turf is a complicated system of moving parts.

Long, long ago, plants evolved in water. To come ashore, plants established symbiotic relationships with fungi and bacteria. The fungi protected plants roots from desiccation enabling it to live away from water. Bacteria fixed nitrogen and prepared minerals for the plant. Recently seeds have been found to contain the genetic material of species-specific bacteria and fungi. When seed sprouts, bacteria and fungi go to work, both outside the plant and internally touching each plant cell with individual fungal hyphae. The boundaries between the three types of organisms are very permeable and chemical communications rampant across vast mycorrhizae networks.

Another myth of grass lawns held by people who believe they have been informed by science is that lawns are monocultures, a single plant species. Clearly such individuals do not practice the science of observing, questioning, recording and communicating. (Science is more an iterative process of discovery than a gospel of knowledge.) To call a lawn a monoculture is like calling a forest a monoculture because it’s just trees. Look at a square yard of lawn and you will find three to eight species of grass. Interspersed will be nearly as many other plants, often including clover. The green is not what it seems.

Beneath the turf of grass lawns is a world even less understood than the ocean, another place where few have looked beneath the surface. The region of soil in the vicinity of plant roots is known as the rhizosphere. Here plants are the only primary producers feeding liquid carbon to an enormous diversity of life forms.

When grass takes 3.67 tons of carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere through the process of photosynthesis, it will use some for metabolism, some to produce plant fiber, and push out as root exudate 1 ton of liquid carbon. As a result, the healthy turf you see above ground, all those blades of plant carbon may look like a significant biomass. Yet, in the soil below may be thirty times the carbon locked up as soil.

A healthy grass lawn can store away as much as one inch of soil a year. For an acre of lawn that is about 300 tons of carbon. To do so, the grass has photosynthesized more than 1,000 tons of CO2 out the air.

There’s more. Stepping on grass, having a picnic, mowing or grazing grass stimulates it to grow. Plant cells send chemical signals along mycorrhizae highways of bundled hyphae. Picked up by distant bacteria that specialize in the needed nutrient or mineral, the material is sent back to the plant cell. Powering the exchange is more liquid carbon pumped out by the grass plant. The soil thickens and grass plants become healthier, more robust, more drought tolerant, resistant to pests and denser, closing up ranks.

Earthworm move about the soil opening passages for air as they eat through the soil. Swallowed dirt enters worm guts to be ground with small rocks adding minerals to the mash. This is passed to a lower gut where bacteria go to work further refining minerals and increasing nutrition. What comes out is called vermicast and is much sought after by gardeners. Earthworms add to it a sticky substance that increases nutrient retention, improves soil texture and adds water retention to the soil. Comparing adjacent fields with and without worms, the field with worms was found to absorb water 35 times greater.

A healthy lawn protects the land from the loss of water by evaporation. An extreme example was recorded at a farm in Texas experiencing a heat dome effect. The air temperature was 105 F. A tilled field exposing bare dirt had a soil surface temperature of 155 F. Here there was much radiant solar heat and much drying. In an adjacent field, soil beneath a cover crop was a relatively cool 77 F.

When grass plants add a cubic yard of black soil to the ground, 4.4 gallons of water is drawn in as vapor from air. Green areas and particularly lawns with deep soils retain water during extreme weather events to protect homes from flooding and erosion. Conversely, increases in impervious surfaces cause more runoff, loss of water from the watershed that scours and scores out sediments. Impervious surfaces heat up quickly, warming the air and causing it to draw more moisture through evaporation, drying the landscape.

Research indicates that increases in impervious surfaces, the pumping of ground water, and the flushing waste water (combined sewer overflows) into the sea is responsible for about 25% of sea level rise. Don’t just fret over melting ice in Greenland, increase carbon capture at home, have more green, build soil, and slow the loss of water to the sea.

If you have a patio with an impervious surface, consider replacing it with lawn grass. This will cool your yard when its hot out. Retain more water during heavy rains. Better protect your home while taking more carbon out of the atmosphere and storing carbon as productive soil supporting local wildlife.

Modifying your lawn care practices. Let nature flourish in your yard. This will do more to reduce greenhouse gasses and abate climate change than will buying a hybrid or electric car in exchange for your gas-powered car. These yard actions of essentially letting it be will improve the quality of your yard, your family’s life away from chemicals surrounded by more wildlife, and also improve conditions for us all living on planet Earth.

Originally published at https://www.oceanriver.org on September 16, 2020.

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Editorials

Welcome to the New Powered by You: An Evolution in Media Whose Time is Now

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January 16, 2022

Hello,

Every day, I wake up and ask myself a question: How can we create the future when the world is upside down?

If we look at the “corporate” news, that is, the stories paid for by advertisers and large corporations, one would want to crawl back into bed.  But in reality, there is something brewing under the radar, that is, unless, one focuses on the next generation of systems and services that’s emerging.

Our world is changing. And with these changes, there is an increased demand for relevant knowledge to guide us towards optimal health and well-being for people and the planet.

But the ways of the past are not capable of bringing us to a healthier tomorrow.

While it seems that the world is turned upside down, in reality, we are going through the largest seismic shift in our lives.  

While some people are looking to fix potholes, there are those of us who are building better roads; better paths;   

As the corporate and political worlds try to maintain their stranglehold on public systems, services and policies, there is a whole new world being born, a world where systems are based on natural synergy, equilibrium—balance and integrity.   

As we are experiencing the end of a civilization based on greed and plundering natural resources, people have woken up to the reality that the greatest natural resource is a well-informed public, and the convergence of technologies and system change has opened up a rare one time ina lifetime world where we the people can come together and unite and consciously create the systems, services and policies that serve all life–including the health of our planet, with systems, services and polcies that are dedicated to prosperity without harming our beautiful blue planet.

The age of enlightened conscious creativity.

We have an important choice to make: 

We can continue as we have been going, putting our trust in failed leadership and their systems driving us off a cliff, 

Or we can come together, united in Solidarity for the health of all life.   

What if we can harness collective power and wisdom to create a healthier planetary co-existence?

Mobilized is a nationally broadcast Television series with weekly conversations and a collaborative website dedicated to overcoming our misunderstandings to work and co-exist better together.

Please join us as a collaborator in creation.

Thank you.

Steven Jay

 

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As the Golden Globes lose their luster, can we create a better version of Hollywood?

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Something interesting is happening in Hollywood. People are walking away from the Golden Globe Awards.

And for good reason.

Anyone who has ever worked in the filthy abyss of Hollywood, New York, or any major entertainment city will know first hand how these systems work. Sycophants, parasites and moguls and talent agents willing to step all over each other just for the sake of another prize. Some will even kill for a shot at the brass ring.  And industry divided cannot succeed.

The only good thing I found in the Golden Globes was watching Ricky Gervais lampoon the stars and their handlers from the stage. Bravo to Gervais, it doesn’t make a difference what you think of him, afterall, he had something that most of Hollywood doesn’t have. Balls. Guts. And a way of delivering amusing reality dosed insults to their face only to find he’s been re-instated as the show host for the next years showing.

 

The annual Golden Globes ceremony has been unable to find a broadcasting partner or any celebrities willing to present or collect its awards after a Hollywood boycott over its diversity and ethics scandal, resulting in a pared-down event with the emphasis on philanthropy.

According to Variety, the Globes’ talent bookers have failed to persuade any big Hollywood figures to attend the 2022 edition of the awards ceremony, a hitherto glittering annual event that traditionally kicked off the lucrative awards season. In March 2021 more than 100 public relations firms announced they would withdraw cooperation with the Globes, a series of high-profile Hollywood figures, including Tom Cruise and Scarlett Johansson, made stinging public criticisms, and TV network NBC cancelled its broadcast of the 2022 edition. (-The Guardian)

 
eguardian.com/film/2022/jan/09/golden-globes-lose-their-shine-as-a-listers-shun-unethical-ceremony

But this years showing not only lacked the luster of Hollywood today, but doesn’t even have a Network or Livestream to cover it.  I guess we’ll have to rely on celeb Twitter Feeds.

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How The Pentagon and CIA Have Shaped Thousands of Hollywood Movies into Super Effective Propaganda

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By David Swanson, World BEYOND War, January 5, 2022

Propaganda is most impactful when people don’t think it’s propaganda, and most decisive when it’s censorship you never knew happened.

 

When we imagine that the U.S. military only occasionally and slightly influences U.S. movies, we are extremely badly deceived. The actual impact is on thousands of movies made, and thousands of others never made. And television shows of every variety.

The military guests and celebrations of the U.S. military on game shows and cooking shows are no more spontaneous or civilian in origin than the ceremonies glorifying members of the U.S. military at professional sports games — ceremonies that have been paid for and choreographed by U.S. tax dollars and the U.S. military. The “entertainment” content carefully shaped by the “entertainment” offices of the Pentagon and the CIA doesn’t just insidiously prepare people to react differently to news about war and peace in the world. To a huge extent it substitutes a different reality for people who learn very little actual news about the world at all.

The U.S. military knows that few people watch boring and non-credible news programs, much less read boring and non-credible newspapers, but that great masses will eagerly watch long movies and TV shows without too much worrying about whether anything makes sense. We know that the Pentagon knows this, and what military officials scheme and plot as a result of knowing this, because of the work of relentless researchers making use of the Freedom of Information Act. These researchers have obtained many thousands of pages of memos, notes, and script re-writes. I don’t know whether they’ve put all of these documents online — I certainly hope they do and that they make the link widely available. I wish such a link were in giant font at the end of a fantastic new film. The film is called Theaters of War: How the Pentagon and CIA Took Hollywood. The Director, Editor, and Narrator is Roger Stahl. The Co-Producers are Matthew Alford, Tom Secker, Sebastian Kaempf. They’ve provided an important public service.

In the film we see copies of and hear quotations from and analysis of much of what has been uncovered, and learn that thousands of pages exist that nobody has yet seen because the military has refused to produce them. Film producers sign contracts with the U.S. military or CIA. They agree to “weave in key talking points.” While unknown quantities of this sort of thing remain unknown, we do know that nearly 3,000 films and many thousands of TV episodes have been given the Pentagon treatment, and many others have been handled by the CIA. In many film productions, the military effectively becomes a co-producer with veto power, in exchange for allowing the use of military bases, weapons, experts, and troops. The alternative is the denial of those things.

But the military is not as passive as this might suggest. It actively pitches new story ideas to movie and TV producers. It seeks out new ideas and new collaborators who might bring them to a theater or laptop near you. Act of Valor actually began life as a recruitment advertisement.

Of course, many movies are made without military assistance. Many of the best never wanted it. Many that wanted it and were denied, managed to get made anyway, sometimes at much greater expense without the U.S. tax dollars paying for the props. But a huge number of movies are made with the military. Sometimes the initial movie in a series is made with the military, and the remaining episodes voluntarily follow the military’s line. Practices are normalized. The military sees huge value in this work, including for recruitment purposes.

The alliance between the military and Hollywood is the main reason that we have lots of big blockbuster movies on certain topics and few if any on others. Studios have written scripts and hired top actors for movies on things like Iran-Contra that have never seen the light of day because of a Pentagon rejection. So, nobody watches Iran-Contra movies for fun the way they might watch a Watergate movie for fun. So, very few people have any notions about Iran-Contra.

But with the reality of what the U.S. military does being so awful, what, you might wonder, are the good topics that do get lots of movies made about them? A lot are fantasy or distortion. Black Hawk Down turned reality (and a book it was “based on”) on its head, as did Clear and Present Danger. Some, like Argo, hunt for small stories within large ones. Scripts explicitly tell audiences that it doesn’t matter who started a war for what, that the only thing that matters is the heroism of troops trying to survive or to rescue a soldier.

Yet, actual U.S. military veterans are often shut out and not consulted They often find movies rejected by the Pentagon as “unrealistic” to be very realistic, and those created with Pentagon collaboration to be highly unrealistic. Of course, a huge number of military-influenced films are made about the U.S. military fighting space aliens and magical creatures — not, clearly, because it’s believable but because it avoids reality. On the other hand, other military-influenced films shape people’s views of targeted nations and dehumanize the humans living in certain places.

Don’t Look Up is not mentioned in Theaters of War, and presumably had no military involvement (who knows?, certainly not the movie-watching public), yet it uses a standard military-culture idea (the need to blow up something coming from outerspace, which in reality the U.S. government would simply love to do and you could hardly stop them) as an analogy for the need to stop destroying the planet’s climate (which you cannot easily get the U.S. government to remotely consider) and not one reviewer notices that the film is an equally good or bad analogy for the need to stop building nuclear weapons — because U.S. culture has had that need effectively excised.

The military has written policies on what it approves and disapproves. It disapproves depictions of failures and crimes, which eliminates much of reality. It rejects films about veteran suicide, racism in the military, sexual harassment and assault in the military. But it pretends to refuse to collaborate on films because they’re not “realistic.”

Yet, if you watch enough of what is produced with military involvement you’ll imagine that using and surviving nuclear war is perfectly plausible. This goes back to the original Pentagon-Hollywood invention of myths about Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and runs right up through military influence on The Day After, not to mention the transformation — paid for by people who throw a fit if their tax dollars help prevent someone freezing on the street — of Godzilla from a nuclear warning to the reverse. In the original script for the first Iron Man movie, the hero went up against the evil weapons dealers. The U.S. military rewrote it so that he was a heroic weapons dealer who explicitly argued for more military funding. Sequels stuck with that theme. The U.S. military advertised its weapons of choice in Hulk, Superman, Fast and Furious, and Transformers, the U.S. public effectively paying to push itself to support paying thousands of times more — for weapons it would otherwise have no interest in.

“Documentaries” on the Discovery, History, and National Geographic channels are military-made commercials for weapons. “Inside Combat Rescue” on National Geographic is recruitment propaganda. Captain Marvel exists to sell the Air Force to women. Actress Jennifer Garner has made recruitment ads to accompany movies she’s made that are themselves more effective recruitment ads. A movie called The Recruit was largely written by the head of the CIA’s entertainment office. Shows like NCIS push out the military’s line. But so do shows you wouldn’t expect: “reality” TV shows, game shows, talk shows (with endless reunifications of family members), cooking shows, competition shows, etc.

I’ve written before about how Eye in the Sky was openly and proudly both completely unrealistic nonsense and influenced by the U.S. military to shape people’s ideas about drone murders. A lot of people have some small idea of what goes on. But Theaters of War: How the Pentagon and CIA Took Hollywood helps us to grasp the scale of it. And once we’ve done that, we may gain some possible insights into why polling finds much of the world fearing the U.S. military as a threat to peace, but much of the U.S. public believing that U.S. wars benefit people who are grateful for them. We may begin to form some guesses as to how it is that people in the United States tolerate and even glorify endless mass-killing and destruction, support threatening to use or even using nuclear weapons, and suppose the U.S. to have major enemies out there threatening its “freedoms.” Viewers of Theaters of War may not all immediately react with “Holy shit! The world must think we’re lunatics!” But a few may ask themselves whether it’s possible that wars don’t look like they do in movies — and that would be a great start.

Theaters of War ends with a recommendation, that movies be required to disclose at the start any military or CIA collaboration. The film also notes that the United States has laws against propagandizing the U.S. public, which might make such a disclosure a confession of a crime. I would add that since 1976, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights has required that “Any propaganda for war shall be prohibited by law.”

To learn more about this film, view it, or host a screening of it, go here.

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Mobilized TV

Mobilized TV on Free Speech TV  takes a deep look at our world, the consequences of human activity on our planet, and how we can reverse and prevent existing and future crises from occurring. Mobilized reveals life on our planet as a system of systems which all work together for the optimal health of the whole. The show delves into deep conversations with change-makers so people can clearly take concerted actions.

Produced by Steven Jay and hosted by Jeff Van Treese.

Mobilized’s TV series Mobilized TV  premieres on Free Speech TV on Friday, October 15, 2021. All episodes appear:

Fridays 9:30 PM Eastern (USA/Canada)

Saturdays:  6:30 PM (Eastern USA/Canada)

Sundays:  8:30 AM Eastern (USA/Canada)

January 7, 8, 9, 2022

Leading Environmental Justice Attorney, Thomas Linzey of the Center for Democratic and Environmental Rights is a leading force helping communities implement successful rights of nature laws. Find out how your community could take on big business to serve the health of all.

 

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