Synergies between both goals have long been recognized, but in practice, there has been little integration. The SEI Initiative on Low Emission Development Pathways (LED-P) aims to help bridge this gap by providing national-scale decision-makers with the tools and knowledge they need to consider climate and air quality measures together, and thus identify the low-emissions development opportunities that will yield the greatest benefits for their countries.
Many low-carbon strategies offer development benefits that go beyond climate change mitigation, including substantial reductions in air pollution – for example, when coal power is replaced by solar or wind power. There is also growing interest in combatting short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) – including methane, black carbon, tropospheric ozone and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) that can have a significant impact on climate change in the near term.
Yet decision-makers, particularly in developing countries, lack crucial data on air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, trends, and the costs and benefits of different policy options. This makes it hard to identify and prioritize measures, or to make the case for action.
To help address this, this initiative will build capacity by creating an integrated framework to examine climate change (including long- and near-term mitigation) and air pollution together, along with easy-to-use planning and analytical tools. We will support these tools with training and information on the latest research and insights on key issues, and also work to synthesize that information and gather available data to support decision-making. In addition, we will undertake new research to fill knowledge gaps and help answer pressing questions that arise in policy and planning discussions.