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Education for a New World

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Re-imaging Education as a Life Long Learning Process for Ultimate  Health and Well-being.

Our existing education system is based on an old paradigm which is going through a major transformation.  For a healthier and more peaceful coexistence, education needs to be transformed into life long learning for the whole person, revealing our world as a system of systems which all work together for the health of the whole.  Otherwise, we will continue the insanity of an old paradigm which separates us from our true and ultimate potential.

From The World University Consortium

Sustainability

Education needs to be founded on a holistic, inclusive conception of human activity and its relationship to the physical and biological environment.

Education should impart a comprehensive and inclusive perspective of our planet and human society as a self-organizing, self-regulating, open, living organic system. Education should promote holistic, synthetic, integrated thinking and action required for equitable and sustainable peace and prosperity in the 21st century.

Source: UNESCO

Our traditional educational system treats reality as a set of separate, autonomous fields of study, whereas the fundamental truth of our existence is that everything is related with and interacting with everything else. Peace, democracy, prosperity, education, human rights and human welfare are interdependent. So too, the welfare of humanity and the health of our biosphere are inextricably interlinked.  Financial instability and unemployment, water supply and food security, economic growth and social equity, technology and human welfare, industrialization and pollution, energy consumption and ecology, nuclear energy and human security, competition for scarce natural resources and prosperity for all, peace and human rights are interrelated challenges which require integrated solutions. Education needs to be founded on a holistic, inclusive conception of human activity and its relationship to the physical and biological environment. Earth’s problems are our problems.

Education for Sustainability

 

  • “Educating for a sustainable future is not so much about a destination as about the process of learning to make decisions that consider the long-term economy, ecology and equity of all communities. Its goal is to build an enduring society. This involves learning how to anticipate the consequences of our actions, envision a sustainable future and create the steps needed to achieve the vision. Individuals and societies will perpetually have to make choices. How those choices are made and the information and ethical discernment used in making them will determine whether our visions of a sustainable future are achieved.”
  • Solving environmental problems and preventing new ones from arising will require an understanding and appreciation of the linkages between environmental well-being and human well-being. However, many of these linkages are not apparent at the first instance. This is where education is crucial. To bring environment and development concerns to people’s notice, to enable them to understand the linkages between the two, to encourage them to take appropriate action, and to equip them with the skills necessary for taking the required action – education is necessary for all this.
  • Provide children and adults with the cultural background that will enable them, as far as possible, to make sense of the changes taking place. This presupposes that they are capable of sorting the mass of information so as to interpret it more effectively and place events in a historical perspective.
  • Value based education: Help the students learn that a sustainable future is one in which they value social justice and peace, protect natural systems and use resources wisely, make decisions through fair and democratic means and develop the capacity and commitment to apply these principles at the level of personal and family actions, and in decisions for local, national and global communities.
  • Experiential learning, Values education, Enquiry learning, Appropriate assessment, Future Problem Solving, Learning outside the classroom, Community Problem Solving are some of the ways in which teachers can help students achieve the wide range of knowledge, skill and values needed for sustainability education.
  • Students can be encouraged to understand the interconnectedness of life and the problems of the planet using an interdisciplinary approach.

New Ways of Thinking

  • The growing environmental awareness marks the birth of a new and more integral way of understanding ourselves and the world around us.
  • The emergence of systems thinking and complexity science reflects profound truths of existence that defy representation by purely analytic reductionist forms of knowledge.
  • The traditional perspective of the physical sciences is an insufficient model for the biological and social sciences. In the words of Robert Rosen, “contemporary physics does not yet provide enough to allow the problems of life to be well-posed.”
  • As Chaos theory tells us, in the living world small changes can have immense repercussions, i.e. the Butterfly Effect. Non-linearity is the mathematics of living systems.
  • As Fritjof Capra argues, the reductionist, mechanistic Cartesian view of the universe governed by universal laws is giving way to the perception of a self-organizing web of life.

Relevance

Effective education must be relevant to social life, promote constructive human relationships and impart the values and attitudes needed for personal accomplishment.

Education is the means by which society passes on the knowledge and skills acquired by past generations to the next generation so that the youth of today can begin where their forefathers left off rather than have to repeat afresh the discoveries of the past.

Source: Andrew Churches, Lee Crockett and Ian Jukes, “How to make LEARNing ‘stick’”
All things learning 18th November 2011

But knowledge of the past is insufficient for effective education. Society is undergoing constant change – and never so rapidly in the past as it is today.

Youth today need not only knowledge of the past but an understanding of the process of social evolution and the emerging opportunities opening up to the next generation. In an age when information is available at one’s fingertips, the emphasis on transfer of information needs to be replaced by an emphasis on the knowledge and skills needed for effective decision-making, problem-solving and innovation.

Effective education must be relevant to social life, promote constructive human relationships and impart the values and attitudes needed for personal accomplishment.

  • Shift from Subject-oriented to Life-oriented education
  • Educating the whole person
  • Life skills for high accomplishment
  • Reorienting education to the needs of the 21st century

Interactivity

A study found that only about 5% of the information delivered through lecture is retained. Retention rate is 50% for discussion, and is 70% for practice by doing. The highest retention rate, 80%, is for students teaching others.

We learn best when we teach others. Learning is a living process which is catalyzed by interactions with other people. Education is what remains after one has forgotten what one has learned in school, Einstein said.

The textbook gives facts, but it is interaction with teachers and peers that transforms information into education.

Innovations in technology enable students to interact anytime, anywhere today. WUC seeks to explore new models of online and hybrid delivery systems designed to facilitate learning through teacher-student and student-student interaction.

  • Interaction stimulates understanding and thinking, helps learners retain knowledge more easily, and builds a sense of confidence.
  • Lack of interaction is one of the reasons that student dropout rates are high in online classes.
  • Online classes that enable interaction meet the social needs of the students. The social nature of learning develops a sense of community, belonging and trust.
  • Some students who do not speak up readily during a face-to-face class may be more comfortable responding to discussion board topics because they have time to formulate answers.
  • Online education gives rise to fears of youngsters becoming isolated and addicted to gadgets. But new tools and modes of learning make it possible for internet-based education to provide interaction with others as intense as that provided by the traditional classroom.
  • A study found that only about 5% of the information delivered through lecture is retained. Retention rate is 50% for discussion, and is 70% for practice by doing. The highest retention rate, 80%, is for students teaching others.1
  • A blended or hybrid version can combine the best of both classroom and online formats. In hybrid models students receive lecture content online at their own time and utilize classroom time for more intensive interaction with instructors and other students than is possible when class time is consumed by lecture delivery.
  • A study on blended learning revealed that most students need a support network to excel.2 They acquire the skill of working with diverse groups.
  • Online interactivity can be enhanced by email live chat discussion and video conferencing between instructors and students over Skype, Webex or Google hangouts.
  • Versatile and user-friendly group discussion software and feature-rich social networking sites like Facebook and Twitter allow stu­dents to relate to their classmates and peers around the world.
  • Digital textbooks enable students to take notes, create study groups online, and let one see others’ notes and highlights in real time, creating running discussions on the go.
  • Photo-sharing websites like Pinterest are used by educators to create visual scrapbooks and publish students’ work.
  • Peer review of the work of other students is a powerful tool for enhancing the effectiveness of education. Online forums make it possible for students to raise questions and to teach one another as well.
  • Questions posted in forums in Coursera courses are answered, on an average, in 22 minutes.
  • Some MOOCs allow students to identify classmates from the same vicinity and organize physical discussion groups. At a Coursera meet up in Menlo Park in 2012, the organizers expected a turnout of 100 students, but more than 600 attendees arrived, raising the question whether meet ups are the new classrooms.

1 Leese, M. (2009). Out of class—out of mind? The use of a virtual learning environment to encourage student engagement in out of class activities. British Journal of Educational Technology, 40(1). 70-77. Retrieved from WilsonWeb database.

2 National Training Laboratories Institute for Applied Behavioral Sciences, “The Learning Triangle: Retention Rates from Different Ways of Learning,” Bethel, Maine, 2005


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